Tuesday, June 7, 2011

Roman Post 4

Julius Ceasar
     He conquered Gaul in a campaign which is still used for training generals today. His victories in Gaul brought important new territories to the empire. The conquest of Gaul brought the border of the empire to the river Rhine. He led expeditions into Germany and Britain, which the Romans didnt know about around that time. Caesar crossed the river Rubicon, which was the border between the province he ruled and the Italian territories of the Roman empire and took power over Rome as a dictator.
      Julius Caesar also reformed the calendar.With only minor changes his is the calendar we use today. He was honored by naming the month July after him. He was a great and successful leader in Rome and still is known and honored today. Many schools read his piece by shakesphere because his honorable ways and great victories bringing more territory for Rome.

Roman Post 3

Ancient Rome
  • Status mattered
  • In the eyes of Roman law, people were not equal
  • Legal status helped to define power, influence, criminal punishments, marriage partners, even dress and where you sat in the amphitheatre
  • Only citizens could hold positions in the administration of Rome and the other towns and cities of the empire, only citizens could serve in the legions, and only citizens enjoyed certain legal privileges
  • In an age before mass personal documentation, there were few ways to prove who and what you were
  • Rome and the empire needed new blood, legal status could change; non-citizens could become citizens; a slave could become a free man. This was upward mobility and could bring real advantages
My Life
  • America politics either democratic vs republican nomore social classes status
  • Diverse population different types of races it was legal, unlike Roman they had to wait if legal status changed
  • Wealth some are still rich then others, many un-employed but can collect if laid off still getting an income
  • No slaves
  • Laws "innocent until proven gulty"
  • Citizens of course hane more benefits then those who arent because they will have to go through a procedure
  • like an Emporor and his cliq America has the President, Congress, and other people to figure out legal things
  • only if your born in own country can get a good high position like the Emperor

Monday, May 16, 2011

Roman Post 2

We should use these following sources
1. http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/romans/index.htm
2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/
3. http://www.roman-empire.net/children/famous.html
The two first websites are good resources because it gives an overwies of Ancient Rome. Gives fact about Rome and its Emoire and what was life like living in Rome. Also the first website breaks the Roman life and society to pieces such as the beliefs and food and so on. The last website gives info about the famous and most imporatnt men that helped build up Rome.

Roman Post 1

Section 1.
1. Censors became very powerful magistrates in the Roman Republic.
2. Praetors were elected to help the consuls and formed much of the civil law in Rome.
3. The Forum's ruins stand as monuments to the grand style of Roman architecture.
4. In 509 B.C. the Romans vowed never again to be ruled by a monarch and established a democracy.
5. A dictator could be appointed by the Senate and could rule for up to six months.
Section 2.
1. Rome feared that if Carthage controlled the Mediterranean, Rome would not be able to expand overseas.
2. The name of these wars comes from the Latin adjective for Phoenician, which is punicus.
3. Macedonia came under Roman "protection" in 197 B.C.
4. The gap between rich and poor continued to grow as the Roman empire expanded.
5. After losing the First Punic War, Carthage was forced to give up Sicily and pay large sums of money to Rome.

Section 3.
1. Marc Antony helped Caesar's grandnephew, Octavian, inherit Rome and ruled with him in the Second Triumvirate.
2. Some senators, including two of Caesar's friends, formed a conspiracy and killed Caesar in the Senate on the Ides of March.
3. Sulla tried to restore power to the Senate; however, more and more often an army commander with loyal troops could force the Senate to do his bidding.
4. The Senate gave Octavian the title Augustus, or "the revered one," and he has been known as Caesar Augustus ever since.
5. Caesar, Licinius Crassus, and Gnaeus Pompey formed a political alliance called the First Triumvirate in 60 B.C.

Section 4.
1. As a result of Pax Romana of this extended peace, the Romans made great cultural advances.
2. The government passed new laws as needed and judges reinterpreted old laws to fit new circumstances.
3. Over time, Roman religious beliefs were increasingly influenced by Greek thought.
4. Gladiators were trained fighters and their fights most often ended in death.
5. The Ptolemaic system(astronomy and geography) was accepted for almost 1,500 years.

Section 5.
1. Rabbis were Jewish scholars who interpreted scriptures and were learned in Jewish laws, and became the leaders of Jewish congregations.
2. The emperor Hadrian banned all Jews from Jerusalem, which resulted in Jewish communities outside of Jerusalem.
3. Many Christians became martyrs - people put to death for their beliefs.
4. Constantine promoted Christianity throughout the empire and was baptized on his deathbed.
5. Better church organization and the Declaration of Constantine also helped establish Christianity and stabilize the church.

Section 6.
1. Inflation rose when the emperors responded to the shortage of silver by decreasing the amount of silver in each coin in order to mint more coins.
2. The Goths, Vandals, and Franks lived north of the Rhine and Danube Rivers.
3. Attila the Hun was a fierce leader who attacked Gaul in A.D 451.
4. The decline of manufacturing and loss of war loot in the late Empire contributed to the fall of the empire.
5. Romans of the later empire lost their patriotism and took little interest in the government.

Monday, March 28, 2011

Greek Blog #5

The Olympics, Literature, Philosophy, Architecture, and History.

Greece contributed to the following, olympics is still occuring many sports were from greece now the olympics are a great deal in America many become billionares winning many medals. The literature such as plays about the gods and etc are still also taking place. Philosophy was basically invented by the Greeks. The architecture in Greece was many nive and well built temples, developed more stragedies and blueprints in order to finish the great temples and now many use those stragedies. Lastly, the history of the Greeks from the gods/godesses to the Greek warriors and the huge temples.

Greek Blog #4

The Parthenon was a temple of Athena, built in the 5th century BC on the Acropolis of Athens. Temple with Ionic architectural features, it is the most famous surviving building of ancient Greece, and has been praised as the finest achievement of Greek architecture and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.The back room of the cella were stored the monetary contributions of the Delian Alliance of which Athens was the leading member. Many honor gods and godesses here. This was a imporatant temple that is part of the Greeks achievement so it will be a great cover to have.

Greek Blog #3

Chart for status and power of the Gods.

ancient greek god
Other source is the picture above beacuse Ancient Greeks believed that their Gods had enormous powers, and that they were able to control nature in all its forms.The most known example is Pythia in Delphi, at the Sanctuary of God Apollo.