Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Greek Blog #1

1.In 1900, archaeologists found evidence of the minoan civilization, the earliest Greek civilization.
2. Minoan artists carved beautiful figures from bronze, gold, ivory, and silver, and painted frescoes paintings made on wet plaster, on palace walls.
3.Some historians believe that the Minoan civilization weakened when many coastal settlements on Crete were destroyed by tidal waves.
4.The Minoan system of writing adopted by the Mycenaeans was called Linear B.
5.The center of Greek identity was represented by the Polis which is the Greek word for city-state.
6.Each city-state had an agora or maketplace, which served as the main public meeting space.
7.The Greeks placed much importance on the political independence of each different polis, and each city-state formed its own kind of goverment and laws.
8.Greeks would often travel to oracles to ask questions about the future.
9.Athens developed a form of democracy when the idea of popular government, or the idea that people can and should rule themselves, began to take root.
10. homer blind poet who gathered oral poetry into twoo great poems.
11. The Olympics were probably held for the first time in 776 B.C. to honor the god Zeus.
12.Heavy infantry who carried long spears are hoplites.
13."Rule by the Best." is aristocracy
14. iliad id the legend of Trojan War.
15.Helots made up the third and lowest group in Spartan society.
16.Sparta's goal was to make every adult male citizen part of the military machine.
17.meltics were born outside Athens but were free and paid taxes.
18.The tyrant Peisistratus improved Athen's economy and divided nobles' estates among poor farmers.
19.Trade was the mainstay of Athen's economy.
20.The greatest Greek statesman is Pericles.
21.Persian who defeated Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae is xerxes
22.delian League An alliance of Greek city-states.
23.Balltle of Marathon was the outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persian invasion of Greece.
24.Darius Persian leader who wanted to punish Athens for aiding rebels.
25.War between Sparta and Athens was known as the Peloponnesian War.

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